Here is a city with a history that dates so far back, some books I have read say one will never fully understand the history of this city.Even without studying its complex history, when you are in Rome, you experience Rome which has history deeply entrenched at every corner of the city.
With each trip ro Rome we stumble over some new area or sight that we have not previously seen. Often some interesting piece of history is explained or referenced. We continue to develop a new perspective on the city with each visit.
Often simply turning right, rather than left, at a corner leads us into a new experience.
Rome dates back to around 1,000 BC. History books reference various kings that claimed, stayed or conquered the city by about 750 BC.
To end the rule of Kings, Rome became a Republic. Brutus was the first Consul of Rome. This brought in the Roman Senate to rule the city.
By about 270 BC Rome ruled all of Italy and over the next couple of hundred of years its reach spread to many other areas of the world.
It was in 44 BC, on the 15th of March, that Julius Caesar attended a meeting of the Senate which was being held at the temporary quarters in a theater built by Pompey the Great. The meetings were being held here as the Senate was being rebuilt because of a fire.
We have walked by the Curia, today called the Largo Argentina.
Here, sixty conspirators, led by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Brutus Albinus, and Gaius Trebonius, came to the meeting with daggers concealed in their togas and stabbed Caesar 23 times.
Historical events like this, that have happened in so many locations in Rome, make a walk through Rome a history lesson.
In about 27 BC Augustus ended the Republic and became the sole ruler of Rome. With this, Rome moved from the Republic Era to an Imperial Era. The population of Rome probably hit a million people. Forums, temples, roads and aqueducts were all built.
Important monuments such as the Colosseum (the Flavian Amphitheatre) were built. The Colosseum being built around 72 AD.
The shell of the structure still stands. The Popes took much of the travertine exterior to be used for other buildings such as the Palazzo Venezia and the Palazzo Barberinie as well as some bridges but the structure that remains is still very much something to see.
On our first trips to Rome there were no tickets, no lines, we just walked up to the Colosseum and walked in. Now, it is a very different process. It is one of the most visited sites in Rome. Be prepared for waiting lines and crowds of people, but it is still worth it.